Robots can write poems, sing, paint... In the past 2019, AI has become more and more deeply involved in human life. Now, robots are starting to form bands.
How was such a band built? A few days ago, the reporter and \"Mo Jia\" band chief scientist, Tsinghua Academy of Fine Arts Department of Information Arts design associate professor Mi Haipeng chat.
In this video,\" musicians \"are dressed in gorgeous tang dynasty costumes. Among them, there are responsible for playing bamboo flute \"Yu Heng \", playing harp\" Yao Guang \", responsible for the drum playing \"Kaiyang \", there is a host\" small lantern \".
\"The musicians\" shake their heads with the rhythm of the music, and the band is also playing Chinese wind music. In the performance, the flute sound elegant, harp melodious, the drum is quite rhythmical. The performance scene, with its gorgeous lighting, is refreshing.
Mi haipeng, the lead scientist of the band and an associate professor of information art design at tsinghua academy of fine arts, told reporters that the robot's playing mechanism was identical to that of humans.
\"The robot that plays the bamboo flute, for example, sounds through the blowing, finger pressing flute holes. Unlike human play, the flute holes in the general horizontal flute are below the human mouth, but the position of the robot's mouth cannot be exhaled in this way. So we adapted the intake device to the side of the flute to simulate the human mouth from the side.
Of course, there's something different about playing like this. For example,\" Yao Guang \"when dialing the harp string, the audience can understand that the robot has 31 fingers at the same time, each finger can independently pluck the strings, at any time can simultaneously pluck a dozen strings.
\"Many years ago, I studied in Japan. In 2012-2013, I had the privilege of participating in the development of a robot band in Japan. The band was a rock robot band with three robots playing rock music. But I personally prefer Chinese traditional culture and traditional music. Since then, it's been wondering if it's possible for robots to play Chinese-style music.
After returning home in early 2014, he began to conceive in his mind of the classical robot band of Chinese wind. \"So far there has been no research on the performance of Chinese musical instruments,\" he confessed.
In 2018, when conditions were ripe, Mihaipeng formed a team of seven students, mainly students and graduates of Tsinghua University. Among them, there are experts in figure sculptures, a big hand in classical music, and robotics researchers. Mihaipeng told reporters that the average age of the entire team is less than 30.
However, the problems facing the team are not simple. When Mi Haipeng led the team to build his own Chinese fan band, he found that there were many problems that traditional robotics couldn't solve.
At the same time, a special musician is needed to make the robot play. \"These robots have teachers. Teachers tell us what skills to play with, and we translate these into engineering languages to allow engineers to implement them on robots.
More than a year after the start of the project, these difficulties have been overcome. In April 2019, on the occasion of the 108th anniversary of Tsinghua University, the first edition of the Mojia band made its debut, playing the Chinese wind repertoire in a similar experimental drama.
What are the current levels of the Moja band? Mihaipeng's answer to reporters is:\" theoretically, as long as we have a song, in a special format to give it, you can learn in about a minute.\"
Although learning music is far more efficient than humans, there are still many short boards in the view of Mihaipeng. For example, when musicians play, emotions can infect the audience, but when robots play, people feel mechanical.
Speaking about the future of the Mojia band, Mihaipeng told reporters that now the names of the three robot musicians are Yuheng, Yao Guang and Kaiyang, which are actually the names of the three stars in the Big Dipper. \"After the first performance, someone asked when the other four stars would appear. We have plans for the same. Maybe we'll see each other in the future.
But at the same time, Mi Haipeng and his team also have more deep thinking. \"Artificial intelligence replaces human work in every field, and humans tend to panic about it. But I personally prefer to think that robot-human relationships are diverse. Art is a particularly good and different entry point.
\"Our initial starting point must not be that robots can replace musicians,\" he said. But it can present a different artistic style because art is diverse. We also use robots in the form of art to make people think more about the relationship between people and robots.
Mihaipeng confessed that his teacher once said,\" I have no way to predict the future, and the best way for us to predict the future is to create the future \". \"It may also be an ideal for most of our lab's teachers and students to shape the future through the inventions in hand.\" (end)